Legally Binding Paris Climate Change Agreement: A hope for Smallholder Farmers.

The Paris Climate Change Agreement which was negotiated and adopted by 195 nations almost a year ago and up until its becoming a legally binding treaty had received global acceptance which is evidenced in the number of about 100 nations (well over the required 55% for the Agreement to enter into force) having ratified and approved the treaty with their instruments already deposited at the United Nations Frameworks Conference on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This is a clear indication of a global commitment that has been largely driven by threatening impacts of climate change across different regions.

The goal of the Paris Agreement is to limit global average temperature to 2.0oC while targeting 1.5oC above pre-industrial level. The current reality is that all the nations’ climate actions plan as stated in the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) will push average temperature above 2.0oC. However, this does not mean that countries cannot make more ambitious target y ramping up commitments, but such commitments needs greater political will and financing that can foster the attainment of such country’s added ambition.

Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sector is a key part of the Agreement recognized as one of the areas that plays the dual role of carbon emission and carbon sequestration. QuickFarm however does not fail to recognize that sustainable management through Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) will cut carbon emission, informing our effort to incorporate such strategy within the national plan on Agriculture.Two key natural resources of water and land used to produce food and energy are becoming exhaustible, competing with the global effort by the agriculture sectors to contribute to a carbon-neutral world. So also forest conservation initiatives that cut carbon emission are limiting land availability for crop and livestock production.

Meeting the 2030 global targets of ending hunger and poverty by ensuring that food demands are met alongside the projected world population growth of 9 billion by 2050 while reducing the impact of climate change will be an herculean task that can only be achieved through transformative policies and implementation processes across board- world leaders, government (Federal, State, and Local),  businesses, investors, Local Agricultural Groups (LAGs), Smallholder Farmers, CSOs, media, bi/multilaterals organizations, individuals and other stakeholders.

QuickFarm supports the Climate Smart Agriculture principles that put smallholder farmers on the roadmap of achieving improved crop productivity while promoting ecological integrity for nature and biodiversity. However, strong climate finance must be devoted to Agriculture particularly to support smallholder farmers which will build their resilience. Climate Agricultural Risk financing is also a major critical aspect that QuickFarm will be most happy to see concrete and perfected discourse as the world is meeting in Marrakech this week and next (7th -18th November, 2016) for the UNFCCC 22nd Conference to the Parties.

Nigeria’s newly developed 5-year Agricultural Promotion Policy is an actionable policy that built on the achievements of the 2011 Agricultural Transformation Policy of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD). QuickFarm is working towards taking the implementation of this policy further by promoting sustainable farming practices that recognises the environment and contribute locally to global actions that reduces greenhouse gases emission. Agricultural sector releases one-fifth of the total global greenhouse gases emission especially from large scale deforestation for farm land1 and other unsustainable farm practices that expose the locked up soil carbon to the atmosphere.

QuickFarm will be committed within the next five years to mobilize and galvanise climate actions within the AFOLU sector that support Nigeria’s emission reduction target of 20% unconditionally and 45% conditionally by 2030 through various mitigation, adaptation and advocacy programme for smallholder farmers who are the most vulnerable group to the impact of climate change.

While joining the rest of the world to celebrate the entry into force of this unprecedented Climate Change Agreement, QuickFarm will continue to support any effort aimed at promoting food security, influencing open data and shared commitment to realize climate actions in Nigeria’s agricultural landscape.

 

 

 

 

 

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